Grasp the period of strategic opportunities and promote high-quality development to win the future together
- Time of issue:2020-04-08 16:33
(Summary description)Dear representatives of the two sessions: Hello everyone! It's time for the representatives of the two sessions to gather together once a year to return to the "maiden family" of the China Textile Fed
Grasp the period of strategic opportunities and promote high-quality development to win the future together
(Summary description)Dear representatives of the two sessions:
Hello everyone! It's time for the representatives of the two sessions to gather together once a year to return to the "maiden family" of the China Textile Fed
- Time of issue:2020-04-08 16:33
Dear representatives of the two sessions:
Hello everyone! It's time for the representatives of the two sessions to gather together once a year to return to the "maiden family" of the China Textile Federation to relive the past. On behalf of the China National Textile and Apparel Council, I sincerely welcome all loved ones home!
2019 marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, and it is also a crucial year for decisive success in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and realizing the first centenary goal. "The blue wisps of the road open the mountains and forests, and the wind and rain will work hard." Under the strong leadership of the party, the Chinese people have experienced countless hardships, twists and turns and risk tests, successfully blazed a path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, achieved world-renowned development achievements, and changed the global development pattern and historical trend. In the historical choice of "big waves and scouring the sand", China's textile industry has been surprisingly upright in reform, absorbing others' strengths in opening up, achieving all-round and groundbreaking development, and undergoing in-depth and fundamental changes.
In 70 years, China has become the world's largest textile and apparel producer, consumer and exporter. China's textile industry has become the mother industry of the country's industrialization process, the vanguard of opening up, and the forerunner of economic system reform. With the convening of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with General Secretary Xi Jinping as the core, China’s textile industry has entered a "new era", grasping the "new orientation", and is accelerating to become an innovation-driven technology industry and a cultural leader. The fashion industry and the responsibility-oriented green industry-"Technology, Fashion, Green", are becoming the new job positioning, industry new label, and new social cognition of China's textile industry in the new era.
As the political scientist Samuel Huntington revealed: "The rise of a major country means the beginning of a new interest adjustment cycle." The rise of China's textile power will also face structural changes in industrial interests on a global scale. , System reform, factor competition and distribution game.
Recalling and cognizing tradition is not a reverse regression, but cognition of oneself with the help of historical dimensions; looking forward to and reconstructing the future is not blindly advancing, but the power of conforming to the trend to optimize oneself. "The one who observes the situation is wise, and the one who controls the situation wins", between historical review and future exploration, between the troubles of growth and growth, between "big" and "strong" new and old kinetic energy conversion, in the industry Between upgrading and policy-oriented synergy, through the national "two sessions" in 2019, I will discuss four aspects with you, namely: "three major jumps", "three gaps", and "three upgrades" With "four directions".
1. Growth: "Three Great Leaps" of "Technology, Fashion and Green"
In the past 70 years, the per capita cotton output has not been enough to make a set of clothing or a quilt. The annual output of chemical fiber has been "neglected" in global economic statistics. my country has developed into the world's largest textile and apparel producer, consumer and exporter. China, occupying a leading position in the global textile industry, has become the core force supporting the smooth operation of the world's textile industry system and an important industrial platform for promoting global economic and cultural coordination and cooperation. "Technology, fashion, and green" reveals the "three major leaps" of China's textile industry to achieve leapfrog development.
First, "science and technology" drive: from scale development to connotative development.
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Ministry of Textile Industry formulated basic technical tasks such as unified economic and technical indicators, saving cotton and sizing, summarizing and promoting advanced technical operation experience, and improving factory working conditions. From the 1950s to the 1970s, my country had initially established a textile and garment industrial system through self-reliance. After the reform and opening up, the number of outstanding scientific and technological achievements in my country's textile industry is not only considerable, but also the level of innovation continues to increase. From introduction, digestion, absorption and re-innovation to original innovation, from single product, process technology innovation to integrated innovation, it reflects the remarkable results of industry technological progress. . Since 2011, a total of 23 achievements have won national science and technology awards.
(1) "Improve efficiency" with technological innovation
One of the signs of "connotation development": fast cycle and high quality of product iteration, and efficient and intelligent production methods.
From the perspective of production technology: continuous innovation in textile, dyeing and finishing technology, and a substantial increase in fabric supply capacity. New technologies such as blending, interweaving and compounding are widely used. New varieties such as high-count, high-density, ultra-light and thin are continuously introduced. New technologies such as digital printing and fine printing have more high-quality, personalized and refined features. The finishing is also from a single function Development to multi-functional finishing.
From the perspective of production methods: the integration of the two technologies continues to deepen. In 1978, the textile industry began to use computer systems, and the integration of informatization and industrialization officially started. During the "Sixth Five-Year Plan" period, the cotton spinning mill information management system was successfully developed; during the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" period, clothing CAD and CAM entered the application; since the "Tenth Five-Year Plan", the enterprise management information system has been widely promoted, online monitoring, manufacturing execution and other production control The system has achieved breakthroughs, and the e-commerce platform has become an important marketing channel, pushing the industry to a stage of deep integration of the two industries. At the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, intelligent manufacturing and collaborative manufacturing have become the direction of innovation, leading the textile industry into a new era of "Internet +".
The improvement of labor efficiency has become a significant sign of the development of the industry from scale to connotation. China's textile industry ranks first in the world for the absolute number of advanced technologies and advanced equipment applications in the world, the integration level of informatization and mechanization ranks first in the world, and the average level of labor productivity ranks first in the world. In 2017, the labor productivity of the textile industry reached 788,000 yuan/person, which was 115.7 times that of 1949 (6812 yuan/person); between 1949 and 2017, the number of workers in the cotton spinning industry fell from about 550 to less than 60; Since the “Three Five-Years”, the complete digital cotton spinning equipment has been industrialized, and the number of 10,000 spindles can be reduced to less than 20, and unattended at night; the maximum yarn count of cotton spinning has increased from 40 to 300, and more than 60. 80% of yarn production is in China, more than 90% of yarn-dyed yarn production is in China, 60% of high-end village shirt yarn-dyed fabric production is in China, 30% of high-end denim fabric production is in China, high count and high density The fabric production technology is mainly in China.
In addition, new industry models and new services continue to emerge, and the scene economy, platform economy, and sharing economy have achieved widespread penetration.
(2) "Adjust structure" to optimize production capacity
The second symbol of "connotation development": the diversification of product structure and the completeness of the modern textile manufacturing industry system.
In 1980, the proportion of fiber consumption in the three terminal industries of my country's clothing, home textiles, and industrial use was 84:11:5. In 2007, the proportion of fiber consumption in the three terminal industries was adjusted to 52:33:15, and the proportion of home textiles reached a historical high. Textiles are still in an upward cycle. In 2017, the processing volume of industrial fiber reached 15.08 million tons, 88 times that of 1980. The processing level of industrial textiles is improved, and it can use diversified fiber raw materials, various types of non-woven, weaving, composite and finishing technologies to produce high-tech products, which are widely used in medical and health, filtration, geotechnical construction, safety protection, and structural enhancement And other fields, making positive contributions to the development of related fields of the national economy.
In 2018, in my country's total fiber processing, cotton accounted for 13.8% (estimated value), chemical fiber accounted for 83.6% (estimated value); industrial textile fiber consumption accounted for more than 27% (estimated value), complete categories The advantages of the modern textile industry system with rich varieties, high quality and optimized structure are fully revealed. my country has the world's most complete modern textile manufacturing industry system, and the manufacturing capacity and level of each link in the industrial chain ranks among the world's forefront.
(3) "Break the monopoly" with independent research and development
The third symbol of "connotation development": the overall self-sufficiency rate of products, and the full coverage rate of independent technology and independent equipment.
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of my country, there were only 58 textile factories or processing sites in China, with simple equipment and backward technology. Raw materials and equipment were all dependent on imports. The textile industry across the country was dominated by cotton textile printing and dyeing. At present, my country's textile industry chain can realize the use of independent technology and independent equipment to produce independently developed and designed high-quality products, which is rare in my country's manufacturing industry.
The high-performance fiber was listed as the key point of the industry during the "Seventh Five-Year Plan" period, and major breakthroughs have been made since the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan". A batch of fiber independent technologies such as carbon fiber and aramid broke foreign monopoly and entered the stage of industrialization. Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber, etc. Varieties enter the international market;
The overall self-sufficiency rate of my country's textile fabrics exceeds 95%, and the self-sufficiency rate of export clothing fabrics has increased significantly. The proportion of general trade in clothing exports has increased from 35.7% in 1996 to 89.3% in 2017.
The level of textile machinery R&D and manufacturing has been improved by leaps and bounds, the mechatronics, numerical control level and reliability of domestic textile machinery have been greatly improved, a large number of products have replaced imports, and the domestic market share has reached 80%; some products have been able to compete with the international advanced level , Chemical fiber, spinning, knitting and other equipment have entered the international market in large quantities, and the export of textile machinery has increased from US$120 million in 1990 to US$3.45 billion in 2017.
Second, the "fashion" revival: from aesthetic attachment to cultural self-confidence.
Since the founding of New China, the party and the state have been committed to ensuring and improving people's livelihood, and gradually solving many major livelihood issues in Chinese society, among which the problem of dressing is one of the earliest and best livelihood issues resolved. Especially since entering the new era of reform and opening up, with the resolution of the "problem of food and clothing", the "blue, black, and gray" scenes of urban and rural residents' clothing disappeared, replaced by fashionable, personalized and diversified dress styles. In essence, this is the result of mutual promotion and interaction between "supply-side fashion" and "demand-side fashion".
(1) The rise of fashion and design capabilities of local brands.
The improvement of the creative level and design capabilities of Chinese local brands has strongly supported the fashion, individuality and diversification of clothing. Change the aesthetic attachment to the past international brands, rooted in local lifestyle and fashion trend research, focus on the fashion design thinking of "contextualization, visualization, interaction, and storytelling", and become a local brand with original "stylized fashion" Competitive factors with strong premium ability: Li Ning, who shines in Paris Fashion Week and New York Fashion Week, has become synonymous with fashion brands; Bosideng, going abroad, renews old brands; Anta, designed in China, has also become a domestic sports fashion The leader... From the perspective of the supply side, the evolutionary curve of fashion, which used to be a replacement logic, has now evolved into a supplementary logic. Literature, architecture, film, painting, sculpture... the arts in different fields, as well as the integration of Chinese traditional culture, intangible cultural heritage and contemporary fashion art, are all adding valuable energy to the fashion transformation of the textile and garment industry.
(2) The quality improvement of consumer demand and the return of cultural confidence.
China has not only formed a large-scale consumer market, but also formed a consumer culture that pursues innovation and change, and prefers new products and new experiences. From the satisfaction of paying attention to the pursuit of quality improvement, from focusing on tangible products to focusing on service experience, from imitation-type consumption to personalized and diversified consumption, conspicuous consumption to investment-based consumption... These are all "fashion" The direct projection of lifestyle on the consumer demand side.
An important manifestation of cultural self-confidence in the context of industry is that consumers have gradually changed their past aesthetic attachment to foreign brands and irrational consumption, and their recognition of local brands has increased-the State Administration for Industry and Commerce has analyzed domestic and foreign trends since 2014 The number of searches by netizens who sell brands found that in 2016, the number of searches made by netizens for local brands accounted for 53% of the total search volume, surpassing the number of searches for foreign brands, reflecting consumers' increasing attention to local brands. "Tencent Post-00s Research Report" also pointed out that supporting domestic production is a way for post-00s to care about the country. 53% of consumers no longer prefer foreign brands, and 53% said: "Foreign brands are not a bonus."
Third, "green" civilization: from environmental pressure to ecological harmony.
Entering the new era, the ecological civilization of China's textile industry is based on respecting and maintaining the ecological environment, based on sustainable development, focusing on the continued development of mankind in the future, focusing on green technology and green management, and gradually realizing people and society , The coordinated development of people and the environment, contemporary people and future generations.
(1) The textile industry has always attached importance to the innovation and transformation of technical equipment and strived to reduce consumption and increase efficiency.
During the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, the textile industry proposed to make cleaner production technology the focus of upgrading the printing and dyeing industry; during the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, advanced technologies such as efficient and short-process dyeing and finishing, advanced treatment and reuse of printing and dyeing wastewater began to be promoted, and energy conservation and emission reduction were highly improved. Pay attention and make positive progress. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, "strengthening energy conservation, emission reduction and resource recycling" has officially become the industry's five-year planning and development task. A large number of key clean production technologies such as low-temperature rapid pretreatment, cold pad dyeing, and large-flux membrane treatment of printing and dyeing wastewater Make breakthroughs and realize industrial applications.
From 2006 to 2015, the comprehensive energy consumption of the textile industry dropped by 44%, the water consumption per unit product of printing and dyeing dropped from 4 tons/100 meters to 1.8 tons/100 meters, and the water reuse rate increased from 7% to 30%.
(2) The textile industry takes the lead in promoting social responsibility, emphasizing the responsibility to people, the environment and the market.
As an important participant, contributor and leader in the construction of the industry's ecological civilization, the textile industry has established a "green model" with its own successful practices. In 2005, the textile industry established China's first social responsibility management system CSC9000T; in 2014, the world's first supply chain environmental (chemical) footprint system; in 2018, it was the first to pilot overseas implementation of industry social responsibility standards.
The active advancement of green civilization in the textile industry is the capital for the "economic world and the people", the responsible trade of "balance of justice and profit", the capacity building of "the daily life", and the development of integrating production, life and ecology. aesthetics. The construction and practice of responsibility capacity runs through all aspects of human resource management, employee rights management, trade union management, health and safety management, supply chain management, ecological environment management, community management, and anti-bribery management. Therefore, the transition from environmental pressure to ecological Harmonious construction of social responsibility in the textile industry enables responsibility and development to stay true to reality. 2. Growing troubles: the "three gaps" in the development of the industry
First, in the national economic system, the "cognitive gap" between the "contribution" and "mainstreamness" of the textile industry.
On the one hand, the "contribution" of the textile industry to the entire national economic system is very high. Specifically embodied in:
(1) In the global textile industry pattern, the scale of supply capacity is not to be compromised.
In 2018, my country’s total fiber processing was about 54.6 million tons (estimated value), nearly 20 times that of 1978; chemical fiber production exceeded 50 million tons, accounting for more than two-thirds of global fiber production; textile enterprises above designated size yarn and cloth The output reached 29.76 million tons and 49.89 billion meters respectively. Nowadays, my country has become the world's largest textile country, which not only effectively meets the fiber consumption demand of one-fifth of the world's population, but also provides a large number of high-quality fiber products for other countries.
(2) In the labor market, the ability to absorb employment is doing my part.
The textile industry has exerted great employment absorption capacity. In 1949, the number of employees in textile industry enterprises was only 745,000. At present, the entire industry employs more than 20 million people, providing more than 10 million jobs and hundreds of billions of dollars in cash income for rural migrant workers every year, directly benefiting the "three rural areas." It has made important contributions to poverty alleviation in frontiers and ethnic minority areas and to activate the development potential of old and young border and poor areas.
(3) In the international trade competition, the net foreign exchange earning ability is indispensable.
In 1985 and 1990, the total industrial output value of the textile industry accounted for 17.9% and 16.2% of the national industry, respectively, and the total export value accounted for 20.2% and 20.1% of the national total. In 1992, my country’s trade in goods reversed its 13-year continuous deficit and achieved a surplus of US$4.39 billion. The textile industry contributed US$18.24 billion in trade surplus that year; until 2012, the trade surplus of the textile industry was greater than the total national trade surplus in goods.
In the 21st century, the textile industry has seized the favorable opportunity of the rapid development of my country's national economy and fully integrated into globalization, and has entered the golden development stage. From 2002 to 2008, the main business income of enterprises above designated size increased by 21.7% annually, and the total profit and tax Both increased by 25.1%. In recent years, as the international environment changes and our country has entered a new normal of development, the industrial economy has experienced large fluctuations, and the textile industry has always maintained a steady development trend. In 2018, the main business revenue of textile enterprises above designated size reached 5370.35 billion yuan, accounting for 5.3% of the national industrial enterprises above designated size; the industry's net foreign exchange earnings were US$250.19 billion, accounting for 71.1% of the national total.
On the other hand, there is an obvious cognitive gap with "contribution": all sectors of society overemphasize the traditional industry attributes of the textile industry and still classify it as a labor-intensive industry that is mainly manufacturing and processing.
This easily leads to two levels of "ignorance":
Ignoring the indelible "emergency" and "growth" of the textile industry under the dual drive of high technology and cultural empowerment, as well as its position as the center of industrial innovation and value realization;
Ignoring the links surrounding "intelligent manufacturing", "green manufacturing", "service-oriented manufacturing" and "high-quality manufacturing", the competitive advantage is being reconstructed. Even if the textile and apparel industry is locked in the "manufacturing and processing field", it has Today is not what it used to be, the low value-added curse of manufacturing division of labor is being broken, and the logical judgment of the "smile curve" is being subverted.
Second, in the global economic system, the "interest gap" between the "rise of China" and the adjustment of the new world economic order.
In the new round of globalization, the rise of developing countries represented by China is mainly a rise of self-development and industrialization rather than a rise of external expansion. The rise of China’s textile industry is also a “self-developmental rise” under the influence of endogenous driving forces. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce, from 2003 to 2018, my country’s textile industry’s foreign direct investment totaled US$9.796 billion, an average annual growth rate It was 15.6%, accounting for 5.2% of the cumulative total foreign direct investment in manufacturing.
The textile industry is a leading industry for the country to actively promote the construction of the "Belt and Road", and it is also the preferred civilian production industry for countries and regions along the "Belt and Road" to promote industrial development, create national wealth and provide a large number of jobs. Promoting the international development of my country's textile industry and strengthening the implementation and implementation of international production capacity cooperation projects in the textile industry are not only the needs of my country's own industrial development, but also an important measure to promote the development of the textile industry of partner countries and achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.
In contrast to the above trends, "anti-globalization" is becoming a new trend in the adjustment process of the new world economic order. Developed countries rely on China’s manufacturing industry through multiple methods of financial and monetary policies and trade protectionism. , Showing a trend of containment-taking Sino-US relations as an example. In 2018, the new version of the US National Defense Strategy Report first positioned China as a “strategic competitor”, which released an important signal. On December 1, after the Sino-US summit meeting, the trade conflict eased. The two sides stopped escalating tariffs and other trade restrictive measures, and will strive to reach agreements on non-tariff barriers and forced technology transfer within 90 days. At present, there are still uncertainties in Sino-US trade friction. The competition and cooperation between the two parties will also have a profound impact on the development of the entire textile industry in the next step. In the future, in the face of increasingly high-risk economic populism, the self-rise of China's textile industry and the adjustment of the new world economic order may face more conflicts and tensions, and a more unbalanced distribution of benefits.
Third, in the industry supply-side system, the "capacity gap" between manufacturing capacity and consumer demand matching.
At present, the imbalance of the textile industry's supply system still exists. The structural contradiction of factor supply is prominent and cannot fully meet production needs; the tendency of product supply to be homogenized is relatively heavy and cannot fully meet consumer demand. Some sub-industries have phased and structural overcapacity, misalignment of supply and demand, huge scale but insufficient effective supply, strong manufacturing capacity and insufficient innovation capability. The gap between the two is objective. From product value to the ultimate realization of consumer value, the "tenon of supply" urgently needs to be matched with the "demand."
3. Linkage policy appeal: "three enhancements" for industry development
First, enhance the "sense of value": from consolidating industry position to refreshing industry awareness.
Internally, the status of the textile industry as a pillar industry in my country's national economy has never wavered. In recent years, with changes in the international political and trade environment and my country's entry into a new normal of development, the industrial economy has undergone major fluctuations, and the textile industry has always maintained a steady development trend.
Externally, my country's textile industry has grown into a core force supporting the smooth operation of the world's textile industry system. With the world’s largest and most complete industrial system that has been formed, the core position of my country’s textile industry in the world’s textile industrial system cannot be replaced in the next 10 to 20 years.
The linkage policy demands should speed up the suggestion that the government should redefine the development contribution and industry positioning of the textile and apparel industry in the entire national economic system. The two-pronged approach of “consolidating industry status” and “refreshing industry awareness” should focus on “technology, "Fashion, green", strengthen the active shaping and key publicity of the industry brand image, enhance the sense of industry value, attract more outstanding industry talents to the textile and apparel industry, and help the industry to transform and upgrade.
Second, enhance the "symbiosis": from a closed development model to building an ecological matrix.
The global industrial chain, value chain, and innovation chain are deeply intertwined, and cross-field and cross-regional cooperation is becoming a norm. Technological boundaries, product boundaries, business boundaries, and organizational boundaries are becoming blurred. The boundaries of technology and art, bits and atoms, manufacturing and services, finance and entities are all being broken.
The linkage policy demands should be based on an open perspective of "cross-border" and "integration", evolve from a closed development model to build an ecological matrix, actively build an industrial consortium, and enhance the industry and external systems to coordinate innovation, share resources, and integrate development industries Ecology.
Third, enhance the "sense of gain": from the top-level design of the system to the implementation of the transmission mechanism.
"For the benefit of the people, silk hair must flourish." China's textile industry should not only pay attention to the top-level design of macro policies and industrial policies, but also pay attention to the implementation of reforms under the specific, specific and changing industry development context. The mechanism enables the institutional dividends and policy dividends released at the macro level to be effectively transformed into the sense of gain of micro-market entities.
The linkage policy demands should focus on achieving fundamental compliance and practical breakthroughs in the three aspects of industrial policy evaluation and summary mechanism, incentive and restraint mechanism, and promotion and application mechanism that combine top-level design and grassroots exploration.
4. Helping the construction of a textile power: the "four directions" of policy empowerment
First, encourage enterprises to expand investment in transformation and upgrading
In recent years, the growth rate of fixed asset investment in the textile industry has continued to slow down, and investment in transformation and upgrading has become the main driving force for investment growth in the industry. In 2019, under the influence of increasing macroeconomic downside risks, the pressure on investment growth in the textile industry has increased. The slowdown in investment will have a negative impact on the industry's promotion of transformation and upgrading, optimization of industrial layout, and stabilization of employment. In order to encourage the textile industry to expand investment in transformation and upgrading, the following policy recommendations are proposed in response to constraints such as insufficient investment confidence, difficult financing and expensive financing, and limited investment in printing and dyeing projects:
(1) Strengthen investment guidance
Strengthen the guidance of the key directions of investment in the textile industry, combine the actual development of the industry, and timely update the industrial policies such as the "Industrial Structure Adjustment Catalog" and the "Industrial Enterprise Technology Reform and Upgrade Investment Guide". Re-evaluate the backward production capacity standards of key industries and guide related production capacity to accelerate the transformation and upgrading.
(2) Optimize financial policy support
Continue to make good use of the country’s existing financial special funds to provide support for the development and application of key technologies in key areas such as textile green manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing, and new textile materials, give full play to the industry’s demonstration and leading role, and strive to complement the industry’s technical shortcomings, and effectively crack the green Environmental bottleneck. Change the current situation of financial special projects that are too concentrated in the fields of high-performance fiber materials and industrial finished products, and increase key support for differentiated and functional general-purpose fibers, traditional textile quality, advanced manufacturing technology, high-quality, environmentally friendly dyeing and finishing technology, etc. And demonstrations, to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the industrial chain links with a large amount and a wide range. Support the upgrading of industrial and regional public service platforms, promote the construction of key industrial cluster information service systems, establish a "cluster industry cloud" system, fully integrate cluster manufacturing and service resources, and improve development efficiency.
(3) Strengthen tax incentives
To study further policies and measures to deduct income tax for technological transformation investment in a certain proportion, to further expand the pre-tax deduction ratio of R&D expenses and brand promotion expenses, and to increase the enthusiasm of enterprises for investment in innovation and technological transformation. Simplify the procedures for enterprises to handle relevant preferential policies to ensure that enterprises can effectively enjoy preferential policy support. Include product development expenses such as the purchase of design manuscripts by enterprises into the scope of additional deductions before income tax, and encourage enterprises to expand their investment in creative design.
(4) Further improve the corporate financing environment
Strengthen the implementation of the state's financing support policy for the real economy, provide adequate credit support for textile enterprises and investment projects that meet the credit requirements, and prohibit additional conditions such as lending, loan swapping, and unreasonable charges. Promote the integration of production, strengthen the investigation and research on the transformation of the textile industry to enhance the capital demand and financing status, coordinate the resources of management institutions such as finance and securities, strengthen the guidance on the judgment of manufacturing enterprises and project financing risks, and promote the connection between financial institutions and key manufacturing enterprises Financing needs, etc. Guide the establishment of textile industry funds and encourage high-quality social capital to support industry development.
(5) Improving investment supervision measures in the printing and dyeing industry
Implement classified management of technical transformation projects for printing and dyeing enterprises, and enterprises should give priority to environmental assessment and filing for automatic and intelligent transformation under the premise of not increasing production capacity. In the environmental protection inspection, refined management is implemented, and production suspension measures are taken for companies in the printing and dyeing central control area that do not meet the emission standards, and companies that meet the emission requirements are not forced to stop production and restrict production. Support the printing and dyeing industry to increase investment in transformation and upgrading, use industrial transformation and upgrading funds to support the technological upgrading and transformation of printing and dyeing enterprises and the upstream industrial chain, and solve the control and treatment of printing and dyeing wastewater pollutants such as metal antimony and PVA.
Second, further reduce the burden on enterprises
In recent years, the state has introduced a series of policy measures to reduce the burden on industrial enterprises. Textile companies have reported that measures such as lowering the value-added tax rate, lowering the social security rate and the ratio of provident fund contributions have positively reduced the burden on enterprises, but enterprises still report that the cost burden is heavy. Participating in international competition is under significant pressure. In order to further reduce the burden on textile enterprises and stabilize market competitiveness, the following policy recommendations are proposed:
(1) Further reduce tax burden
It is recommended to further introduce inclusive tax reduction measures and continue to reduce the value-added tax rate by 1 to 2 percentage points. Combining the progress of the reform of the cotton import quota system and the implementation of Xinjiang cotton target price subsidies, research to further reduce the sliding standard tax rate of cotton imports or cancel the sliding standard tax management. Increase the percentage of additional deductions for R&D testing, advertising and publicity expenses, and study the feasibility of further expanding the scope of pre-income tax credits, such as including technological transformation investment and product development expenses.
(2) Reduce cost burden
It is recommended to further reduce the price of industrial electricity and change the status quo that domestic electricity prices are significantly higher than those of foreign countries. Introduce measures to appropriately reduce the tax burden of labor-intensive industries, such as further reducing the base and proportion of social insurance paid by enterprises, or tax rebates based on the actual social insurance paid by enterprises to avoid affecting the welfare of employees. Implement the state's financing support policies for the real economy and small and medium-sized enterprises to reduce the financing costs of enterprises. Coordinate the commercial sector to effectively reduce the cost of commercial retail channels and reduce retail costs.
(3) Stabilizing the foreign trade environment
Deepen bilateral and multilateral economic and trade cooperation with countries and regions along the “Belt and Road”, accelerate the construction of free trade zones, unblock foreign trade channels, and reduce tariff burdens. Keep the RMB exchange rate trend relatively stable, avoid big fluctuations, and reduce the cost of frequent bargaining and the loss of import and export settlements caused by exchange rate fluctuations. Comprehensively assess the impact of Sino-US trade frictions, and guide local governments to give appropriate tax refunds or preferential financial support for technological transformation and upgrades to export companies in the region that are more affected by the US tax increase, so as to relieve corporate pressure.
Third, actively explore the domestic market
The fiber consumption in my country's domestic market exceeds 30 million tons, making it the world's largest and most dynamic fiber consumption market. Further stimulating the potential of multi-domain, multi-level, and diversified domestic consumption is an effective way to resolve the export pressure of the textile industry, and it is also an important manifestation of the textile industry's task of promoting the formation of a strong domestic market. In order to guide and promote textile enterprises to further develop the domestic market, the following policy recommendations are proposed:
(1) Accelerate the promotion of textile and apparel product upgrades
Make full use of industrial policies and fiscal and taxation policies to guide and encourage the development of high-quality manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing, green manufacturing processes, technologies and equipment in the entire textile industry chain, and extensively carry out technological upgrading and transformation to improve production efficiency and product quality. Carry out product upgrade projects in the consumer goods industry, select key areas and key enterprises, improve product development and innovation systems, promote cross-industry chain, cross-field integration, and collaborative innovation; apply advanced manufacturing technology, equipment and information management and control systems to improve product quality. For example, with the concept of "big home", integrate key enterprises in the textile industry, carry out overall home furnishing/furniture/home furnishing product development, production and market promotion demonstrations, promote enterprises to strengthen resource integration and innovate business models. Launch the independent brand building project for terminal consumer products, strengthen the cultivation and demonstration of key textile and apparel brands, and use government service platforms such as "China Brand Day" to provide key cultivating support for brands that are typical of the industry. Support the construction of industry exhibitions, fashion weeks, design competitions and other platforms to provide favorable conditions for brand development experience exchange and achievement display.
(2) Expanding the domestic demand of industrial textiles. The application of
industrial textiles has a wide range of applications, and there is still a large application space in the country. It is recommended to make good use of government procurement measures to support self-owned brand geotechnical, construction, and structural enhancement textiles to participate in the procurement competition of national construction projects, and to promote the full opening of procurement channels for military, medical, and infrastructure systems to private textile companies. Improve the government procurement and reserve mechanism of emergency products, and increase the demand for special textiles such as disaster relief tents and geomembrane bags for flood control and flood protection. Introduced a subsidy policy for the application of ecological and environmental protection agricultural textiles such as biomass textile agricultural film, and piloted applications in the cultivation of high-value cash crops such as fruits, vegetables and flowers. Appropriately raise the occupational safety protection standards for workers in special types of work, and promote the application of functional safety protection textiles.
(3) Improve the domestic business environment
Actively coordinate commercial departments to effectively reduce the cost of commercial retail channels and reduce retail costs. Strengthen the supervision and management of the retail market, strengthen market inspection and law enforcement in terms of product quality, intellectual property protection, etc., increase the cost of violations, improve the e-commerce supervision system, and standardize the order of market competition. Various measures have been taken to stabilize employment and residents’ income, encourage financial institutions and related enterprises to innovate consumer financial service models, reduce consumer credit interest and expenses, increase residents’ purchasing power, and promote the expansion of consumer demand.
(4) Strengthen market consumption guidance
Make full use of various forms of media platforms to promote the popularization of healthy and scientific textile and clothing consumption methods and the aesthetics, culture, and etiquette knowledge of clothing and home decorations, and improve consumers' awareness of fiber product performance, functional characteristics and healthy and safe use methods , Actively guide consumption upgrades. Strengthen the social guidance of the textile and apparel brand value, strengthen media publicity and industry and social promotion, show the strength of Chinese original fashion design and the outstanding achievements of independent brands, and enhance the overall image and market recognition of independent brands. The international promotion of the industry's fashion culture must focus on telling Chinese stories, spreading Chinese values, and building Chinese discourse.
Fourth, promote the rational development of industrial layout
In recent years, affected by factors such as the investment environment, industrial facilities, and market demand, the progress of the domestic regional transfer of the textile industry has slowed down significantly, and overseas investment has continued to grow. This situation has brought many real risk problems. In order to form a reasonable guide for the investment layout of the textile industry, promote the stable and smooth completion of the transformation and upgrading of the industry, the following policy recommendations are proposed:
(1) Strengthen policy coordination and further promote the transfer of domestic industries
Although compared with other developing countries, the problem of high comprehensive manufacturing costs in my country is prominent, but it still has the advantages of a complete industrial system and industrial agglomeration development. Taking into account the need to ensure the core competitiveness of the domestic industry, prevent the hollowing out of the industry, and stabilize domestic investment, production and employment, promoting the orderly and gradient transfer of the textile industry to the inland regions is still an important part of the transformation and upgrading task of the textile industry.
In order to solve the problems of imperfect investment environment and insufficient investment motivation of enterprises that restrict the transfer of textile industry, it is recommended to strengthen industrial policy guidance and effectively guide investment flows. Guide the local industry and information departments to do a good job in policy interpretation and publicity work in the main functional areas, industrial layout, industrial transfer, etc., guide and encourage the cross-regional development of key enterprises, and expand industrial transfer investment. Coordinate with relevant departments to strengthen incentives such as taxation, land and financial support, maintain policy continuity, and increase the enthusiasm of enterprises for investment. Support the development of relevant industry-specific public service systems, build investment docking platforms, and carry out public services such as consultation and training, and promote the process of textile industry transfer.
(2) Improve the domestic business environment and promote the healthy development of the industry
The expansion of foreign investment by textile enterprises is the result of the market's role in resource allocation, but the domestic industrial development environment tends to shrink, which objectively accelerates the progress of enterprises going global. Creating a more fair and complete development environment, making full use of domestic favorable conditions to promote the transformation and upgrading of enterprises, and avoiding advanced textile manufacturing, high-quality manufacturing capacity blindly, and excessively fast overseas transfer are to ensure the sustainable and healthy development of the textile industry and its contribution to the national economy. An important guarantee that contributes.
It is recommended to further promote the market-oriented reform of the cotton management system, continuously optimize the management of cotton import quotas, and achieve marketization of cotton prices at home and abroad. Properly resolve the issue of Sino-US trade frictions and stabilize the foreign trade environment and business development confidence. We will implement relevant policies and measures that prohibit environmental protection from being “one size fits all”, conduct follow-up investigations on the implementation of the policies, and effectively ensure the stability of the production and operation environment of enterprises. Strengthen the credit guidance for financial institutions, continue to expand the integration of industries as a measure to effectively solve the long-term financing difficulties and financing problems faced by enterprises. Further improve the industrial policy, enhance the inclusiveness and positive guiding role of the industrial policy, and promote the effective flow of capital, talents and other relevant market resources to the textile industry.
(3) Respect market laws and guide the rational development of foreign investment
Due to the continuous increase of processing and manufacturing costs in my country and the rising risks of the trade environment, the transfer of international textile industry investment and international purchase orders to other developing countries and regions has become an inevitable development trend. The United States, Europe, Japan, South Korea and other countries have invested in textiles in Southeast Asia. Processing capacity has also been increasing rapidly in recent years, and it will inevitably form a competitive relationship with my country's textile industry in the long term. Chinese enterprises actively participate in the restructuring of the international textile industry layout through foreign investment, which will help to ensure the profitability of my country's textile industry capital in the long run, and form a benign interactive relationship with the upgrading and development of the domestic textile industry.
It is recommended to strengthen the research on the industrial policy of textile enterprises' foreign investment in combination with market rules, carry out guidance on key areas and key regions of overseas investment in the textile industry, and improve the efficiency of the industry's transnational layout. List the textile and garment industry as a “Belt and Road” cooperation demonstration industry, coordinate credit, foreign exchange management and other departments, provide low-interest interest-free loans, foreign aid cooperation and other support for textile investment projects, in Vietnam, Pakistan, Uzbekistan along the “Belt and Road” , Egypt, Ethiopia and other key Asian and non-key countries to build modern textile industrial parks, modern textile production service systems and other landmark cooperation demonstration projects. Support industry associations to carry out overseas investment related information research, investment promotion, policy coordination and other services.
Dear deputies and members of the two sessions, "The world is so new and everything has not been named." The era in which we live is an era in which changes in technology, culture, talents, capital, and the market bring about the old and the new, and there is no pre-established route. However, "the wind and rain have passed through many people and people are not old, and Guanshan has a long road at first." I firmly believe that the development of the industry still has its strength, its principles, and its strategies. In the future, let us continue to be together, under the glory of the great era, seek ideas, lay the foundation, seek breakthroughs, move forward, and jointly contribute to the dream of China's textile industry to become a powerful country, and dedicate our never-ending youth!